Caterpillar Inc was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on March 12, 1986. It is a manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. The Company is also a U.S. exporter. The company principally operates through four segments - Construction Industries, Resource Industries, Energy & Transportation, Financial Products - and All Other operating segments. The Construction Industries segment is responsible for supporting customers using machinery in infrastructure and building construction applications. The Resource Industries segment is responsible for supporting customers using machinery in mining and quarrying applications. The Energy & Transportation segment is responsible for supporting customers using reciprocating engines, turbines, diesel-electric locomotives and related parts across industries serving power generation, industrial, oil and gas and transportation applications, including marine and rail-related businesses. The Financial Products segment provides financing to customers and dealers for the purchase and lease of Caterpillar and other equipment, as well as some financing for Caterpillar sales to dealers. The All Other operating segments includes activities such as: the remanufacturing of Cat engines and components and remanufacturing services for other companies as well as the business strategy, product management, development, manufacturing, marketing and product support of undercarriage, specialty products, hardened bar stock components and ground engaging tools for Cat products, paving products, forestry products and industrial and waste products; the product management, development, marketing, sales and product support of on-highway vocational trucks for North America; parts distribution; distribution services responsible for dealer development and administration including a wholly-owned dealer in Japan, dealer portfolio management and ensuring the efficient and effective distribution of machines, engines and parts. Its geographic segments are divided into Inside United States and Outside United States. It sources its raw materials and manufactured components from suppliers both domestically and internationally. These purchases include unformed materials and rough and finished parts. Some of the Company's competitors include Komatsu Ltd., Volvo Construction Equipment, CNH Industrial N.V., Deere & Company, Hitachi Construction Machinery Co. Ltd., J.C. Bamford Excavators Ltd., Doosan Infracore Co. Ltd, XCMG Group and Zhengzhou Coal Mining Machinery Group Co., Ltd., Cummins Inc., Rolls-Royce Power System AG, among others. The Company's products are sold under the brands Caterpillar, CAT, Electro-Motive, FG Wilson, MaK, MWM, Perkins, Progress Rail, SEM, and Solar Turbines. Due to the international scope of its operations, the Company is subject to a complex system of import- and export-related laws and regulations, including U.S. regulations issued by Customs and Border Protection, the Bureau of Industry and Security, the Office of Antiboycott Compliance, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls and the Office of Foreign Assets Control, as well as the counterparts of these agencies in other countries.
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