Goldman Sachs Group Inc was founded in 1869 & incorporated in Delaware. It is a bank holding company and a financial holding company regulated by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System under the U.S. Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (BHC Act). It is investment banking, securities and investment management firm that provides a range of financial services to a substantial and diversified client base that includes corporations, financial institutions, governments and high-net-worth individuals. The Company's activities are divided into four segments: Investment Banking, Institutional Client Services, Investing & Lending and Investment Management. Its Investment Banking segment is comprised of Financial Advisory services & Underwriting services. It provide financial advisory services and help companies raise capital to strengthen and grow their businesses. Financial Advisory includes strategic advisory assignments with respect to mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, corporate defense activities, risk management, restructurings and spin-offs. The Company underwrite common and preferred stock and convertible and exchangeable securities. Institutional Client Services segment serves its clients who come to the firm to buy and sell financial products, raise funding and manage risk. Institutional Client Services segment is comprised of: Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities Client Execution, which includes client execution activities related to making markets in interest rate products, credit products, mortgages, currencies and commodities. Its investing and lending segment include the firm's investing and relationship lending activities across various asset classes, primarily debt securities and loans, public and private equity securities, and real estate. These activities include investing directly in publicly and privately traded securities and in loans, and also through certain investment funds that the company manage. Investment Management segment provides investment and wealth advisory services to help clients preserve and grow their financial assets. Its clients include institutions and high-net-worth individuals, as well as retail investors who access its products through a network of third-party distributors. Its competitors are other entities that provide investment banking, securities and investment management services, as well as those entities that make investments in securities, commodities, derivatives, real estate, loans and other financial assets. Goldman Sachs, as a participant in the banking, securities, commodity futures and options and insurance industries, is subject to regulation in the United States and the other countries in which it operates.