Old Republic International Corporation is engaged in the single business of insurance underwriting. It conducts its operations through insurance company subsidiaries organized into three segments, namely, it's General Insurance Group (property and liability insurance), Title Insurance Group, and the Republic Financial Indemnity Group (RFIG) (mortgage guaranty (MI) and consumer credit indemnity (CCI)) Run-off Business. Its General Insurance segment provides commercial lines insurance business such as liability insurance coverages. These coverages are provided to businesses, government, and other institutions. Its coverages include Automobile Extended Warranty Insurance, Aviation, Commercial Multi-Peril, Financial Indemnity, General Liability Home Warranty Insurance, Travel Accident, and Workers' Compensation. The Company's Title Insurance Group's business consists of the issuance of policies to real estate purchasers and investors based upon searches of the public records, which contain information concerning interests in real property. The policies insure against losses arising out of defects, liens and encumbrances affecting the insured title and not excluded or excepted from the coverage of the policy. There are two basic types of title insurance policies: lenders' policies and owners' policies. Both are issued for a one-time premium. Mortgages made in the United States are extended by mortgage bankers, savings and commercial banks, state and federal agencies, and life insurance companies. The financial institutions secure title insurance policies to protect their mortgagees' interest in the real property. This protection remains in effect for as long as the mortgagee has an interest in the property. A separate title insurance policy may be issued to the owner of the real estate. An owner's policy of title insurance protects an owner's interest in the title to the property. The Company's RFIG run-off business consists of its mortgage guaranty and CCI operations. Private mortgage insurance protects mortgage lenders and investors from default related losses on residential mortgage loans made to home buyers who make down payments of less than 20% of the home's purchase price. The mortgage guaranty operation insures only first mortgage loans, on residential properties incorporating one-to-four family dwelling units. There are two principal types of private mortgage insurance coverage: "primary" and "pool". Primary mortgage insurance provides mortgage default protection on individual loans and covers a stated percentage of the unpaid loan principal, delinquent interest, and certain expenses associated with the default and subsequent foreclosure. In lieu of paying the stated coverage percentage, the Company may pay the entire claim amount, take title to the mortgaged property, and subsequently sell the property to mitigate its loss. Pool insurance, which is written on a group of loans in negotiated transactions, provides coverage that ranges up to 100% of the net loss on each individual loan included in the pool, subject to provisions regarding deductibles, caps on individual exposures, and aggregate stop loss provisions which limit aggregate losses to a specified percentage of the total original balances of all loans in the pool. The insurance business is competitive and the Company competes with many stock and mutual insurance companies. The Company is subject to the regulation and supervision of the jurisdictions in which do business.
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